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|Mgahinga National Park
Mgahinga National park is the smallest park with
its 38 sq. km and is located in the extreme southwest corner of Uganda bordering with Virunga NP in Congo and Park des Volcanoes in Rwanda.
The park is comprised of parts of three extinct volcanic mountains: Mt Muhavura (4127m), Mt. Gahinga (3474m) and Mt. Sabinyo (3669m).
The park supports a variety of mammals in the forest including
the endangered mountain gorilla. 180 species of birds are found here especially the Ruwenzori Turaco and the Red Tufted Malachite Sunbird.
The major ethnic group found here are the Bafumbira. Batwa pygmies
are also present. People living here have controlled and sustainable access to the resources and the 20% of the entrance fees are used
for their development projects.
Wort and dwarf heath vegetation dominate the summit areas. 60% of the vegetation is made of bamboo which is a delicacy for mountain gorilla.
76 mammals species are found here: mountain gorillas, buffaloes, elephants, bushbucks, golden monkeys, giant forest hog, several varieties of small rodents and small predators.
Only 115 bird species have been recorded due to the small size of the park but the park is still of great interest to birdwatchers.
12 species are endemic to the Albert rift region. The Ruwenzori Turaco and the Red Tufted Malachite Sunbird, crowned hornbill, black kite, crowned crane are found here.
3 extinct volcanoes can be hiked by fit hikers without special gear:
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